A Four-side Peace Plan
The Department of peace and conflict studies held a group discussion on the theme of Civil Society and Political Parties in Afghanistan Peace Process on March 26, 2019. Academics including researchers and university professors, civil society activists and women rights activists had participated in this discussion. The focus of this discussion was a peace plan recently introduced by Dr. Mohammad Amin Ahmadi, the chancellor of Ibn-e-Sina University and former member of Independent Commission for Overseeing the Implementation of Constitution (ICOIC), a four sided peace theory, addressing the current efforts to bring peace in the country. Apparently the efforts for making peace with Taliban have been intensified in the past few months. Two rounds of lengthy talks between US special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban negotiators, and the rumor of their agreement on certain issues mark an unprecedented step towards US-Taliban deal over Afghanistan. In the meantime, questions pertaining Afghan government role in such a deal and more importantly Afghan people still remain unanswered and in ambiguity. On the one hand, Afghan government has emphasized on its decisive role on any peace deal, and there seems to be a disagreement or a lack of mutual understanding between the US government and Afghan government over peace with Taliban, as best crystalized in Afghan National Security Advisor remarks accusing Zalamy Khalilzad of seeking his self-interest in disregarding Afghan Government in his negotiation with Taliban and the following tough decision by US administration to punish Mohib. On the other hand US officials, including president Trump and her daughter have reiterated the role of Afghan government and people and maintaining the post-Taliban achievements in any peace pact to be signed with Taliban. However, there is no major change in Taliban’s political ideology, they consider themselves the most competent and legitimate group to govern Afghanistan, and that they have won the war against foreign invasion. There is a far gap of view between the principles enshrined in Afghanistan constitution acknowledging the democratic bases of political power and system and the popular legitimacy of governments and Taliban’s ideology that is rooted in a dogmatic interpretation of political Islam. Dr. Ahmadi, has emphasized the role of the people and the ways to allure Taliban into a critical dialogue with Afghan people by proposing a four-side plan for Afghan peace process. He has included the people as different from the government and represented by various social groups, academics, women, minority groups and other stake holders as an undeniable part of any political future that await them. Ahmadi argues that a democratic republic is more in line with the teaching of Islam and the interests of the people, particularly groups and layers of society such as women, religious and ethnic minorities, academics and those who live in the cities. He has suggested certain mechanisms and resources that these stakeholders can use to further their interests in the face of other international and national stakeholders including Taliban, Afghan government, the US and international community.